Millions of Americans suffer from Diabetes. And we all know someone who has been affected by this disease. Regular visits to your ophthalmologist for eye exams are important to avoid eye problems. High blood sugar (glucose) increases the risk of diabetes eye problems. Eye problems may include blurry vision which can be caused by a number of factors such as Cataracts, glaucoma, and retinopathy. These conditions can result in blindness if left untreated. It is important if you have been diagnosed with Diabetes be sure to have your eyes check regularly. By having your eyes checked regularly you can prevent any issues with the eyes from getting any worse.
The American Diabetes Association offers these eye care guidelines for people with diabetes to help prevent eye problems:
- People with type 1 diabetes should have a dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist or optometrist within three to five years after diagnosis.
- People with type 2 diabetes should have a dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist or optometrist shortly after diagnosis.
- Annual eye exams should be done with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes by an ophthalmologist or optometrist; more frequently if necessary.
- When considering pregnancy, women with a history of diabetes should have an eye exam prior and during pregnancy. This does not pertain to women with gestational diabetes.
To prevent eye problems in diabetes, you should:
- Control your blood sugar
- Control high blood pressure